On this page, we share research results that contribute to the organization and analysis of information about the pandemic and its impacts:
The research of Southern Voice think tanks on COVID-19
This interactive space compiles research from countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America on the impact the pandemic is having on those regions. The urgency of food security, the dangers of domestic violence, restricted freedoms, rising unemployment and the need for formal jobs become evident in the range of articles, research papers and multimedia presentations that you can find in this hub. Go here.
How to a virus: The coordinated spread of misinformation about coronavirus
Analysis of more than 25.5 million tweets in 10 days identifies 5,752 accounts that coordinated 6,559 times to spread fake news about coronavirus for commercial or political purposes. Almost all politically motivated activities have been promoted by governments or parties. Go here.
Findings on emergency actions in times of Covid-13
Oxfam is carrying out a project entitled “Emergency Agency in Times of Covid-19”. The organization presented some of its initial findings with the research and will conduct a webinar to discuss them on Thursday (12/11). Research shows the change in the relationship between society and the State, with people constantly pressing it for response. And it highlights the differences between the organizations and the mobilized repertoires, some of the main ones: formation of coalitions, online activism, protests, solidarity actions. You can subscribe to the webinar at this link and download the full report on this.
Public Manifestos in Times of Covid-19
The report “Public Manifestos in Times of Covid-19”, written by Ana Claudia Teixeira and Adriana Pismel, from the team of the Center for Research in Participation, Social Movements and Collective Action (NEPAC/Unicamp), seeks to understand the main agendas, public policies and paradigm changes that have permeated the public manifestos produced in recent months, around covid-19. The set of texts analyzed is available here on the Resocie website. And the report can be found here (on the NEPAC website).
Impact of COVID-19 on the Action of Popular Social Movements
The Center for Education and Popular Advisory (CEAP-RS) conducted a qualitative study with 23 Brazilian NGOs and social movements on the responses to the pandemic and the impacts of the pandemic on its performance. The study can be accessed here on the CEAP page. In addition to the written text, CEAP also produced a series of videos about what they called “The Crossing”, available on its website and on its YouTube channel.
Internet Uses During the Pandemic
The Regional Center for The Development of the Information Society (Cetic.br) of the Center for Information and Coordination of Point BR (NIC.br), linked to the Internet Steering Committee in Brazil (CGI.br), has played an important role in the collection and analysis of data of Internet users in Brazil. More specifically, the COVID-19 ICT Panel aims to collect information about internet use during the pandemic caused by the new coronavirus. See more information and access the data on the CETIC website.
COVID-19: Public policies and civil society responses
Bulletin 17 of the Solidarity Research Network points out that the greatest concerns of peripheral communities in the context of the pandemic are hunger and the persistent violence to which they are exposed. The research conducted interviews with residents, most of whom indicate that the flexibilization of isolation will have a detrimental effect on their territories, despite their difficulties in fulfilling it being greater. Half of local leaders do not trust the government to ensure the safety of the population.
Observatory of Social Movements of Latin America
The Center for Studies of Social Theory and Latin America (NETSAL) created the Observatory of Social Movements of Latin America in order to map initiatives that seek to respond to the crisis of Covid-19 in the region. Download the document here.
Impact of COVID-19 on CSOs
A group of entities, coordinated by Mobilizea and ReosPartners, conducted a study on the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic (on civil society organizations. You can also see data on the industry’s forecasts for the future, its sustainability and what to do to help them. Download the document here.
Collective action repertoires in Latin America
Franco, et al. an evaluation of the collective action repertoires mobilized by actors from urban places of informal housing throughout Latin America, the research methodology was a virtual ethnography and spatial analysis of the initiatives, a survey using snowball answered by more than 200 organizations, from the initial stage of the pandemic to May 30. The research identified seven spheres of informality that may have been the object of the movement’s action in each territory: housing, health, income, food security, infrastructure, security and political participation. The authors highlight the centrality of the already having, before the pandemic, some level of local associativism to allow the rapid response of civil society. In addition, the formation of networks and concentration of organizations that promote collective action in this context has to do with the capacity of social mobilization of the country as a whole. Download the document here.
The Pandemic and Health Professionals
The Center for Studies of Bureaucracy (NEB FGV-EAESP) conducted an online survey with 1,456 public health professionals in Brazil between April 15 and May 1. The aim of this research was to understand the perception of these professionals about the impacts of the crisis on their work, well-being and way of acting. The results show, for example, that almost 90% of these professionals declare to be afraid of the new coronavirus, a percentage that rises in the case of professionals located in the North of the country. Only 14% of respondents said they felt prepared to deal with the virus and almost 90% said they had not received training to deal with the pandemic. Access the search report here.
IGBE Provides Data on Favelas
“In order to meet the demand of Brazilian society that is currently experiencing moments of severe public health crisis, resulting from the covid-19 pandemic, IBGE makes efforts to give public knowledge, in a preliminary way, the results of the mapping of subnormal clusters.” “Subnormal clusters” is the terminology used by IBGE, which includes slums, allotments, villages, etc. This effort is very important, considering that the latest data are from the 2010 Census and are obviously out of step. For example, in 2010 there were 3,224,529 households in these “clusters”; in 2019, the number grew to 5,127,746. The main results can be accessed here. See also here for access to the base and documentation about the research. In addition to this initiative, IBGE created a specific page, in which it brings together the “initiatives undertaken and the actions under development in relation to its studies and research to support efforts to combat Covid-19”.
Legislative Radar: COVID-19 and Technology
The NGO Coding Rights has prepared a study on the 18 new bills, presented since March 11, which are at the intersection of COVID-19 and technology. Topics include: right of access to the network, disinformation, protection of personal data and surveillance. In addition to surveying the projects, the NGO also presents some reactions from civil society. Read it here.
“War has a Woman’s Face”: gender issues and health policies
Elizabeth Sousa Cagliari Hernandes and Luciana Vieira published an analysis on the presence of women among health workers, based on bibliographic and quantitative data about the female health workforce in Brazil, and analyzes some of the specific difficulties faced by these professionals in the context of the pandemic. “The actions of these women both affect and are affected by the dynamics of coping with Covid-19 in the country, and are strongly influenced by gender determinants.” To access, click here.
The Data Favela Institute conducts research with slum dwellers from all over the country. Between March 20 and 22, he applied a questionnaire with 1,142 participants to find out how people were reacting to the pandemic. Among other things, the research showed that at that time more than 80% of school children were at home. To access the search, click here.
Casa Fluminense, which defines itself as “the pole of a network of people and organizations dedicated to fostering shared actions aimed at promoting equality, democratic deepening and sustainable development in Rio”, began the publication of the Infográficos da Inequality series. The series is part of the inequality map research process | Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro 2020. The publication will present a set of 40 indicators on the reality of inequalities.
Eye in the Broken Observatory
The “Olho na Quebrada” Project conducted research with residents of Heliópolis (São Paulo) and mapped out how social isolation affected the population. According to the survey, conducted between March 27 and 29 with 514 participants, 68% reported having had losses in monthly income.
Network of Security Observatories
The Network of Security Observatories is “an initiative of academic institutions and civil society in Bahia, Ceará, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo dedicated to monitoring public security policies and crime in these states.” The Network conducted a survey of police operations in Rio de Janeiro’s favelas in March this year, and found a 23% reduction in the number of operations compared to the same month in 2019. The decrease in police activities occurred mainly after March 16. See here report with search results.
Public Policy in Latin America against COVID-19
The Electoral Observatory of Latin America (OBLAT) of the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires has launched a study on public policies for tackling coronavirus in Latin America. The research is divided into three parts, the first presents a comparison between Argentina and the five countries with which it borders. The second compares it with 6 other Latin American countries. Finally, the third part brings a broader study comparing 19 countries in the region.
Civil Society in Maceió / AL: solidarity responses to the Covid-19 pandemic crisis.
This report, coordinated by researchers from the Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Leonardo Leal, Maria Amélia Corá, Luciana Santana and Emerson do Nascimento, seeks to present, in a synthetic way, the results of a research aimed at understanding the responses of CSOs to the Covid-19 pandemic crisis in the city of Maceió / AL. The data presented in the survey were extracted through online interviews directed to representatives of 100 civil society organizations in Alagoas. The aim was to identify, from the perspective of community leaders, the actions and challenges of local civil society and to evaluate public policies developed and / or under development aimed at mitigating the social and economic consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic in the city of Maceió / AL. Go here.